Pain can indicate progress, or problems. Here’s how you gauge discomfort.
Differentiating between the usual, I just worked out really hard pains, and the more worrisome, I think I mightve hurt myself ones can be difficult, especially when youre trying to push yourself towards progress. Theres a pain of injury and a pain of adaptationone is bad, and the other is good, says Equinox Advisory Board Member Justin Mager, Ph.D., a San Francisco Bay Area-based exercise physiologist and physician. To know the difference, read on.
The Good Kind:
You might be doing an activity perfectly, but if you havent something like high-intensity cardio in a while, it is normal for your body to ache a bit during and after your session, he says.
When you perform an activity pain-free, and then feel really sore afterwards, thats a good sign. Pain after properly executed exercise means that your body is adapting to become more fit, says Mager. Note: Taking ibuprofren or other anti-inflammatories might slow down those fitness adaptations.
(Perfectly normal) soreness
Your soreness could last anywhere from two to four days post-workout. Rather than stopping all movement and letting the pain take over during that time, you should work through it and keep your muscles moving instead, says Mager.
The Bad Kind:
I had really bad left knee pain, and then an Olympic weightlifting coach taught me how to do squats differently. Now my knee feels better than ever, says Mager. If you dont have any pain prior to your activity, and then you experience pain while youre performing a particular movement, you should take a step back and have a trainer evaluate your biomechanics.
Any chronic, pre-existing pain in your back, hips or knees might rear its ugly head in other parts of your body, says Mager. For example, an ankle issue will probably create knee issues. Its important to make those connections so that you can avoid misdiagnosis and focus your treatment appropriately.
A repetition should not feel painful, says Mager. Take a bench press, for example: If youre doing it right, both arms and chest are going to burn out together. But if you have discomfort in one area, its muscular failure and a sign that somethings off, says Mager. If youre experiencing localized pain during or after strength training, its a red flag.
Acute, out-of-nowhere aches
Any sharp, stabbing, traumatic, and/or sudden pains during any kind of workout should be checked out immediately.
The overdoing-it variety
After your two-to-four day recovery period, if the pain lingers into your next attempted exercise session, you might be overtraining or not recovering adequately enough between workouts. If youre doing maximal work, you need maximal recovery, says Mager.